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Camera Movement

Static

  • Good for dialogue
  • Allows actor’s performance to shine
  • Amplifies what is happening in the shot

Pan

  • Used to follow a character’s actions
  • Reveals important information
  • Slow pan creates suspension

Whip pan

  • Rapid pan heightens the energy of a shot
  • Normally in time with the music

Tilt

  • Directs the camera upward or downward
  • Reveals information
  • Shows a character’s dominance
  • Shows dramatic scale

Push in

  • Emphasises a moment
  • Shows that what’s happening is important
  • Pushing in on objects is common
  • Captures a character’s thought process

Pull out

  • De-emphasises the subject
  • A signal to disconnect from the characters
  • Unveils the context of a scene, the setting, or the characters
  • Detaches us from a scene
  • Emphasises negative emotions like isolation or abandonment

Zoom

  • Reveals the context around a subject
  • Our eyes can’t zoom which makes this camera movement unnatural
  • Draws our attention to a specific detail
  • Slow zoom creates uneasiness

Crash zoom

  • Used for dramatic or comedic effect

Dolly zoom

Can be done in two different ways:

Dollying in and zooming out –

  • Causes the background to grow in size but maintains the scale of the foreground
  • Portrays conflict in a shot

Dollying out and zooming in –

  • Causes the foreground subject to become dominant over the background
  • Conveys either positive or negative psychological effects

Camera roll

  • Rotates the camera on its long axis while maintaining the direction of the lens
  • Creates an unsettling feeling by making the scene disorienting
  • Used to match character movement in moments of panic
  • Reverses power

Tracking shot

  • Follows them from the front or back
  • Physically moves the camera through a scene while following the subject
  • They move with a moving subject
  • Generates the questions: Where are they going? What will happen when they get there?
  • Perfect for long takes and to emerge the viewer into the scene

Trucking shot

  • The camera follows the subject left or right
  • Establishes the world around them in story book fashion

Arc

  • Orbits around a subject
  • Can be horizontal or vertical
  • Adds dynamic movement while characters are standing still
  • Keeps our eyes focused on the subject
  • Fast arc shots increase the amount of panic in a scene

Boom

  • Moves the camera up or down, scanning the scene
  • Captures the world surrounding the character or follows the character during the action
  • Reveals more information

Camera shake

  • Looks messy and unplanned leading to a subjective experience
  • Creates an intimate effect and makes you feel as though you are there

This was the brilliant video I got all this information from:

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